INDIAN DEMOGRAPHIC EXPLOSION

India

 

At the end of 2011 the world population has reached 7 billion. According to the datas of UN, the birth that marked this milestone took place in India and P.A.Sangma, past president of the Lok Sabha (the equivalent of the Chamber of Deputies), says that "the biggest problem in India is the increase of the population. With the current growth rate, in 2020, we passed the China as number of inhabitants. For this reason, any progress we have made and we will do, will be deleted by the demographic explosion. Birth control must be the priority of priorities. Must become a movement of people and this is only possible through education". Particularly, the female education in rural areas and in slums of the metropolis. Since 1947 to now, the Indian population has increased by about 840 million people, equivalent to 4/5 of the population of Africa and Europe together. Marriage at young age is rooted in Indian culture and, although a law established 18 years as the minimum age to marry, has been shown that in 50% of marriages the women are below of this range of age. The government plans to birth control have always ignored this fundamental reality and a high number of women has a child before age 20, mostly in rural areas and poor urban slums. According to official estimates, the Indian country holds the record for the highest number of babies born per minute and the 90% of the world population growth will occur in developing countries, which brings with it additional risks, such as increasing poverty and competition for access to scarce resources including, mainly, health services and education. In India, in 2011, 26 million children were born.

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